Trump ordena congelar los activos del Gobierno de Venezuela en EE.UU.

Foto: USA Today

El presidente de EE.UU., Donald Trump, firmó este lunes una orden ejecutiva que congela todos los activos del Gobierno de Venezuela en su país y prohíbe las transacciones con él, medida que incrementa de forma significativa la presión contra Caracas y supone otro paso hacia un embargo total. «Todos los bienes e intereses en propiedad del Gobierno de Venezuela que se encuentran en Estados Unidos […] están bloqueados y no pueden ser transferidos, pagados, exportados, retirados ni tratados de otra manera«, reza la orden ejecutiva, que entrará en vigor de inmediato.

Texto: RT

El documento detalla que el término ‘Gobierno de Venezuela’ comprende al Estado y al Gobierno de Venezuela; a «cualquier subdivisión política, agencia o instrumento» de los mismos, incluido el Banco Central de Venezuela y la estatal Petróleos de Venezuela S.A. (PDVSA), así como a cualquier persona bajo su control o que «haya actuado o haya pretendido actuar directa o indirectamente» en nombre de cualquiera de los anteriores.

La orden justifica el paso por la supuesta «usurpación» del poder por parte del Presidente legítimo venezolano, Nicolás Maduro Moros, y por «los abusos de los derechos humanos» que, según ellos, ocurren en el país latinoamericano. Sin embargo, no alcanza la categoría de embargo comercial total, pero representa la medida más radical de Washington contra Caracas desde que la Administración Trump reconoció al opositor Juan Guaidó como presidente encargado de Venezuela el pasado mes de enero.

Según RT, la decisión coloca a la nación caribeña al mismo nivel que Corea del Norte, Irán, Siria y Cuba, los únicos países que actualmente afrontan restricciones tan severas por parte EE.UU. Las sanciones anteriores fueron dirigidas, en primer lugar, contra la industria petrolera de la nación sudamericana, la principal fuente de sus ingresos de exportación.

Esta es la primera vez en 30 años que Estados Unidos congela los activos a un país occidental. Medios aseguran que la medida es una «antesala» a las sanciones que anunciará este martes Washington en la Conferencia Internacional por la Democracia en Venezuela, organizada por el Grupo de Lima. El asesor de seguridad nacional de EE.UU., John Bolton, adelantó este lunes que detallará “amplias” medidas que tendrán «muchas consecuencias potenciales». El encuentro contará con la participación de 59 países y tres organismos internacionales: el Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID), CAF-Banco de Desarrollo de América Latina y la Unión Europea. Bolton también advirtió a China y Rusia que el apoyo continuo al régimen venezolano «podría afectar el pago de su deuda después de la caída de Maduro».

«Bloqueo económico y robo a escala planetaria»

El presidente estadounidense afirmó el pasado jueves que podría ordenar un bloqueo naval o una cuarentena en Venezuela. En respuesta, el embajador de Venezuela ante las Naciones Unidas, Samuel Moncada, calificó de «ilegales» y «criminales» las amenazas de Estados Unidos contra Caracas, y precisó que las autoridades del país exigen que «pare la guerra de Trump contra Venezuela».

«El bloqueo económico y el robo a escala planetaria tienen características de crueldad monstruosa, propias de crímenes de guerra», precisó el alto diplomático venezolano durante su intervención en el Consejo de Seguridad de la ONU.

Maduro, que denunció la «amenaza ilegal y criminal» del presidente de EE.UU., hizo un llamamiento a la población para que resista. «Preparados para una batalla si pretenden una cuarentena contra Venezuela, preparados todos y todas, pero a Venezuela no la bloquea nadie y menos una cuarentena», enfatizó.

Contenido en inglés de la orden ejecutiva

Office of the Press Secretary
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
August 5, 2019
EXECUTIVE ORDER

– – – – – – –

BLOCKING PROPERTY OF THE GOVERNMENT OF VENEZUELA

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) (IEEPA), the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), section 212(f) of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 (8 U.S.C. 1182(f)), and section 301 of title 3, United States Code,

I, DONALD J. TRUMP, President of the United States of America, in order to take additional steps with respect to the national emergency declared in Executive Order 13692 of March 8, 2015 (Blocking Property and Suspending Entry of Certain Persons Contributing to the Situation in Venezuela), as amended, as relied upon for additional steps taken in subsequent Executive Orders, and in light of the continued usurpation of power by Nicolas Maduro and persons affiliated with him, as well as human rights abuses, including arbitrary or unlawful arrest and detention of Venezuelan citizens, interference with freedom of expression, including for members of the media, and ongoing attempts to undermine Interim President Juan Guaido and the Venezuelan National Assembly’s exercise of legitimate authority in Venezuela, hereby order:

Section 1. (a) All property and interests in property of the Government of Venezuela that are in the United States, that hereafter come within the United States, or that are or hereafter come within the possession or control of any United States person are blocked and may not be transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn, or otherwise dealt in.

(b) All property and interests in property that are in the United States, that hereafter come within the United States, or that are or hereafter come within the possession or control of any United States person of the following persons are blocked and may not be transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn, or otherwise dealt in: any person determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State:

(i) to have materially assisted, sponsored, or provided financial, material, or technological support for, or goods or services to or in support of, any person included on the list of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons maintained by the Office of Foreign Assets Control whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order; or

(ii) to be owned or controlled by, or to have acted or purported to act for or on behalf of, directly or indirectly, any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order.
(c) The prohibitions in subsections (a)-(b) of this section apply except to the extent provided by statutes, or in regulations, orders, directives, or licenses that may be issued pursuant to this order, and notwithstanding any contract entered into or any license or permit granted prior to the effective date of this order.

Sec. 2. The unrestricted immigrant and nonimmigrant entry into the United States of aliens determined to meet one or more of the criteria in section 1(b) of this order would be detrimental to the interests of the United States, and entry of such persons into the United States, as immigrants or nonimmigrants, is hereby suspended, except when the Secretary of State determines that the person’s entry would not be contrary to the interests of the United States, including when the Secretary so determines, based on a recommendation of the Attorney General, that the person’s entry would further important United States law enforcement objectives. In exercising this responsibility, the Secretary of State shall consult the Secretary of Homeland Security on matters related to admissibility or inadmissibility within the authority of the Secretary of Homeland Security. Such persons shall be treated in the same manner as persons covered by section 1 of Proclamation 8693 of July 24, 2011 (Suspension of Entry of Aliens Subject to United Nations Security Council Travel Bans and International Emergency Economic Powers Act Sanctions). The Secretary of State shall have the responsibility for implementing this section pursuant to such conditions and procedures as the Secretary has established or may establish pursuant to Proclamation 8693.

Sec. 3. The prohibitions in section 1 of this order include:

(a) the making of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services by, to, or for the benefit of any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order; and

(b) the receipt of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services from any such person.

Sec. 4. (a) Any transaction that evades or avoids, has the purpose of evading or avoiding, causes a violation of, or attempts to violate any of the prohibitions set forth in this order is prohibited.

(b) Any conspiracy formed to violate any of the prohibitions set forth in this order is prohibited.

Sec. 5. Nothing in this order shall prohibit:

(a) transactions for the conduct of the official business of the Federal Government by employees, grantees, or contractors thereof; or

(b) transactions related to the provision of articles such as food, clothing, and medicine intended to be used to relieve human suffering.

Sec. 6. For the purposes of this order:

(a) the term «person» means an individual or entity;

(b) the term «entity» means a partnership, association, trust, joint venture, corporation, group, subgroup, or other organization;

(c) the term «United States person» means any United States citizen, permanent resident alien, entity organized under the laws of the United States or any jurisdiction within the United States (including foreign branches), or any person in the United States; and

(d) the term «Government of Venezuela» includes the state and Government of Venezuela, any political subdivision, agency, or instrumentality thereof, including the Central Bank of Venezuela and Petroleos de Venezuela, S.A. (PdVSA), any person owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by the foregoing, and any person who has acted or purported to act directly or indirectly for or on behalf of, any of the foregoing, including as a member of the Maduro regime. For the purposes of section 2 of this order, the term «Government of Venezuela» shall not include any United States citizen, any permanent resident alien of the United States, any alien lawfully admitted to the United States, or any alien holding a valid United States visa.

Sec. 7. For those persons whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order who might have a constitutional presence in the United States, I find that because of the ability to transfer funds or other assets instantaneously, prior notice to such persons of measures to be taken pursuant to this order would render those measures ineffectual. I therefore determine that for these measures to be effective in addressing the national emergency declared in Executive Order 13692, there need be no prior notice of a listing or determination made pursuant to section 1 of this order.

Sec. 8. The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to take such actions, including promulgating rules and regulations, and to employ all powers granted to the President by IEEPA as may be necessary to implement this order. The Secretary of the Treasury may, consistent with applicable law, redelegate any of these functions within the Department of the Treasury. All agencies of the United States Government shall take all appropriate measures within their authority to carry out the provisions of this order.

Sec. 9. (a) Nothing in this order shall be construed to impair or otherwise affect:

(i) the authority granted by law to an executive department or agency, or the head thereof; or

(ii) the functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget relating to budgetary, administrative, or legislative proposals.

(b) This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable law and subject to the availability of appropriations.

(c) This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.

Sec. 10. This order is effective at 9:00 a.m. eastern daylight time on August 5, 2019.

DONALD J. TRUMP

THE WHITE HOUSE,
August 5, 2019.
###

2
Dejar un comentario

avatar
600
2 Comment threads
0 Thread replies
0 Followers
 
Most reacted comment
Hottest comment thread
  Subscribe  
Notificar en
trackback

[…] Source URL: Alba Ciudad […]

Miguel
Invitado
Miguel

Los intereses de los yankee deben ser mayores aquí que los nuestros allá ¿será que de manera reciproca actuaremos? o ¿seguiremos permitiendo que, mientras nos intentan ahogar, nuestros enemigos sigan disfrutando de nuestra voluntad de paz?